Статьи

СИНГАПУР ПОСЛЕ ВЫБОРОВ 2006 ГОДА

Гуревич Эмма Марковна
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. Emma Gourevitch analyses some results of Lee Hsien Loong's first premier-ministerial term in connection with general election of 2006. Lee Hsien Loong's economic policy has proved its efficiency. However, the problem of the widening income gap between the rich and the poor will be the Prime Minister's main task in near future. The author believes that the chief explanation for the phenomenon, however, is globalization. The entry of low-cost countries into the global marketplace has meant wage pressure at the low-skilled end of job spectrum in countries like Singapore. As to the domestic policy, the author stresses that a tight control, both of the political opposition parties and of members of the public who choose to criticise the government in the media, remains a cornerstone of the new Prime Minister's course. In author's opinion the knuckleduster approach can no longer be as readily applied today as in the early years of PAP rule. The major constrain comes from within the nation itself, in the first place from the young generation whose vote will make a big difference in future elections.

ИНДОНЕЗИЯ В 2006 Г. СТАБИЛИЗАЦИЯ В ЭКОНОМИКЕ И РАЗНОГЛАСИЯ В ЭЛИТЕ

Другов Алексей Юрьевич
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
In Dr. Alexey Drugov's study entitled «Indonesia in 2006: stabilization in the economy and discord in the elite» it is stressed that against the background of a certain stabilization in Indonesia's economy the discord in the higher circles of the country's elite had been growing. It was accompanied with the process of Islamisation upcountry and slower pace of democratic reforms. As for the foreign policy the author highlights President S.B.Yudhoyono's visit to the Russian Federation and intensification of partnership between the two countries, at the same time stressing the longstanding contradictions between Indonesia and the US mainly on the question of the forms of fighting against terrorism. The author considers as a factor of concern the controversial situations in Indonesia's relations with Malaysia and Singapore.

ДЕМОКРАТИЯ И ИСЛАМ В ОБЩЕСТВЕННОЙ МЫСЛИ СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ИНДОНЕЗИИ

Ефимова Лариса Михайловна
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. Larisa Efimova focuses her attention on discussions in Indonesia's Islamic community around the problem of compatibility between Islam and democracy. Opinions are quite diverse. Radicals insist on absolute incompatibility between two systems of values. «Liberal Moslems» accept democracy, trying to modify the idea according with Indonesian cultural identity. Nee-modernists, among them followers of well-known leaders Nurcholis Majid and Abdurrahman Wahid, state that the sacred texts of Islam - Qur'an and Sunnah contain main dements of democracy and Islamic dogmas can be used as the basis for building democratic slate and civil society in contemporary Indonesia.

СОВРЕМЕННОЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ ТОРГОВЫХ ОТНОШЕНИЙ ВЬЕТНАМА И КИТАЯ

Кочкин П.
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
In his paper P. Kochkin considers the current trade relations between Vietnam and China. He gives estimates of Vietnam's export in all groups of end products. The figures on China's import to Vietnam are also provided. The paper is supplemented with tables and diagrams.

О ПОЛОЖЕНИИ НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫХ МЕНЬШИНСТВ ПЛАТО ТЭЙНГУЕН ВО ВЬЕТНАМЕ В НАЧАЛЕ XXI ВЕКА

Кравков А.Г.
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Kravkov A. analises the major problem for the leaders of the modern Vietnam is the relations with the hill tribes (jarai, rhade, banhar), living in the Central Highlands. The lack of the central bodies attention to the poor socioeconomic situation in the plateau in 1990s lead to considerable actions of the Montagnards in 2001 and 2004. Warning to Hanoi, these protests were widely highlighted on the West by human rights organizations like the Human Rights Watch and the Montagnard Foundation. Moreover, the US used the subject to bring pressure on Vietnam when discussing the key bilateral issues. For this reason, the Vietnamese government since 2001 carries on a complex policy aimed at poverty reduction, rapid industry development, building economic and social infrastructure. The great efforts were made to resolve the main problems, including the preservation of the hill tribes traditional land-using methods and providing religious freedom. This resulted in progressive improvement of Montagnards living standards and also in the US decision to remove Vietnam from the Country of Particular Concern (CPC) list in the end of 2006.

ФИЛИППИНЫ: ПОЛИТИКА - РЕАЛИИ И ТЕНДЕНЦИИ 2006 - ПЕРВОЙ ПОЛОВИНЫ 2007 ГГ

Левтонова Юлия Олеговна
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. Yulia Levtonova in her paper analyses the results and trends in political process in the Philippines (2006 - the first half of 2007). The author stresses the problem of decay of the Filipino Politics at present time and considers the prospects for the political development in near future.

ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕНДЕНЦИИ И РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ РАЗВИТИЯ ЭКОНОМИКИ СРВ В 2006 Г

Мазырин Владимир Моисеевич
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. V. Mazyrin presents overview of core trends and achievements of Vietnam's economic performance. In the first section he evaluates consequences of inward and outward flows onto development facilities. The specific influence of global outcome was quite contradictious while market reforms inside the country created more stimuli for national progress and equitable growth. The second section informs on economic growth indicators which demonstrate macroeconomic stability and dynamics of Vietnam. In particular, it displays data on increasing of income per capita, an inflow of foreign direct investment and official development assistance, foreign trade turnover and regional cooperation acceleration. These achievements demonstrate the right way of economic politics. In the third section the structural shifts are examined. Transition to a market economy eased progressive changes of balance ratio between main sectors of manufacture and services. The author argues the trend of domestic economy transformation from agrarian into industrial one. It is accompanied by continuing ownership reallocation in the main realms of economic activities which fosters the country's move to a new order. Particularities and other core shifts in each realm (industry, agriculture, services and trade) are shown in this section too. The next large part of the paper explores main directions of financial policy thus assessing current reforms in this field. The author analyzes budget and revenue execution, credit and monetary methods of regulation, currency and exchange rate fluctuation, external debt performance, investment flows origins, outcome and capital disbursement realities. High investment activities are regarded as due confirmation of Vietnam's fast growth and its capital intensive character. Dr. Mazyrin confirms overall positive results of the process of Vietnam's market transformation and integration to global economy. Catch-up development of this country became enough sustainable. All above mentioned facts make possible to recognize Vietnam as borne Asian dragon though not yet flying.

X-ЫЙ СЪЕЗД КПВ О ВНЕШНЕЙ ПОЛИТИКЕ ВЬЕТНАМА

Мурашева Галина Федоровна
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. Galina Murasheva in her paper surveys the evolution of Vietnam's foreign policy doctrine since 1945 till today. The author stresses that this doctrine has been meeting the challenges of the time while developing and improving its main principles and strategies. In the 1940-ies -1980ies Vietnam was following the principle of «making more new friends and less enemies», under the new international conditions of the 1990-ies - early 21-st century it supplements its foreign policy principles and practice with a fresh wording «Vietnam is ready to be a reliable partner of the countries of the world community». In 2006 Vietnam positions itself as an equal actor in the world politics and as an active participant of regional and global integration. In the early 21-st century in Vietnam's official vocabulary and foreign policy practice a new concept emerged - «strategic partnership» - with the number of Vietnam's strategic partners growing. The author dwells on the results of Vietnam's foreign policy in 2006 which was very successful for the country both on the global and on regional levels.

ТРАНСФОРМАЦИЯ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЙ СТРУКТУРЫ МАЛАЙЗИИ

Пахомова Людмила Федоровна
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. Luidmila Pakhomova asserts that the dramatic restructure of Malaysian economy from one a primary commodity to an industrialized country producing a broad range of goods and services, including innovation ones. For high-tech method of production development of human capital is crucial. It is an economic miracle spurred on by government policy witch combined strategic planning, creation institutions and market mechanism.

ДЖАКАРТА: СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ СТОЛИЦЫ ИНДОНЕЗИИ

Попов Александр Вячеславович
ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЕ И ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ ОТДЕЛЬНЫХ СТРАН »
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №10
Dr. Popov A. analyses the most difficult socio-economic problems of the capital of Indonesia, among them: a very high density of its population, the polution of the environment, awful traffic jams and every year increasing floods. The existance of Jakarta's slums cause such problems as spreading of narcotics, criminality and epidemics and also threatens the rail traffic and the safety of the trestles of motor-roads. Huge amounts of garbage altogether with industrial waste make Jakarta as one of the most poluted city of the world. Every year floods not only kill hundreds of the urban poor but also destroy local roads that creates additional problems for the traffic.
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