О ПОЛОЖЕНИИ НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫХ МЕНЬШИНСТВ ПЛАТО ТЭЙНГУЕН ВО ВЬЕТНАМЕ В НАЧАЛЕ XXI ВЕКАКравков А.Г.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.247-256
Kravkov A. analises the major problem for the leaders of the modern Vietnam is the relations with the hill tribes (jarai, rhade, banhar), living in the Central Highlands. The lack of the central bodies attention to the poor socioeconomic situation in the plateau in 1990s lead to considerable actions of the Montagnards in 2001 and 2004. Warning to Hanoi, these protests were widely highlighted on the West by human rights organizations like the Human Rights Watch and the Montagnard Foundation. Moreover, the US used the subject to bring pressure on Vietnam when discussing the key bilateral issues. For this reason, the Vietnamese government since 2001 carries on a complex policy aimed at poverty reduction, rapid industry development, building economic and social infrastructure. The great efforts were made to resolve the main problems, including the preservation of the hill tribes traditional land-using methods and providing religious freedom. This resulted in progressive improvement of Montagnards living standards and also in the US decision to remove Vietnam from the Country of Particular Concern (CPC) list in the end of 2006.
Объем издания: 247-256