ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.181-192Левтонова Юлия Олеговна
Dr. Julia Levtonova analyses the political crises in the Philippines (June 2005 - March 2006), questioning the chances to functioning for the political system of the country. The author also considers the prospects for presidency of G. Arroyo.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.193-216Мазырин Владимир Моисеевич
Dr. V.Mazyrin makes the first attempt in national oriental studies to analyze the fundamental civil freedoms' variability in Vietnam with the aim to reveal core changes in domestic political system during 2004-2005. This scholarship is based on huge historical background and reliable sources of information, i.e. variors western researches, international non-government organizations (NGOs), Vietnamese officials and mass media. Summing up his review, the author concludes, that core civil freedoms in Vietnam are still very limited, while the state keeps its authoritative nature in many respects. At the same time there are signs of gradual progress in this domain: Vietnam countries its transition towards liberal parliamentary republic with mono party system. The deepening of market reforms has created preconditions for the emergence of human rights, simultaneously having strengthened social and national inequality. It is argued, that Vietnamese population, being satisfied primarily with economic freedom, bears such political regime quietly due to the lack of democratic mentality and legal consciousness. The country's leadership successfully governs society, ignoring the ideas of personal freedom and democracy, basing state management on paternalist traditions and norms of rural community.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.217-236Мурашева Галина Федоровна
In her study China and Vietnam in 2005 Dr. Galina Murashova examines the character of relations between China and Vietnam from geopolitical, economical and ideological perspective. Geopolitically, Vietnam has to balance between the two giants - China and the US, trying to use their differences in South East Asia to its advantage. Economically speaking the relations between the two countries are designed by the new international strategy and the idea of a peaceful rise of China, which presupposes China's leadership in the region. In 2005 China left the USA behind and became the main trade partner of Vietnam with both countries still competing for foreign investments and foreign markets. As for the ideology, the two countries could be considered partners as both of them are governed by communist parties with Marxism-Leninism as basic ideology.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.237-254Попов Александр Вячеславович
Dr. Alexander Popov analyses the modern situation in Indonesia province Bali, with its unique nature, reach cultural and religious tradition and distinctive structure of its society. The main trends in development of Bali's economics which are based on agriculture and international tourism are examined. Great attention is paid the urgent problems of the province, which are mainly connected with sharp degradation of ecological situation as well as aggressive pressure of radical Muslim neighborhood on this Hindu region of Indonesia.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.255-272Симония Аида Алексеевна
Dr. Aida Simonya studies the prospects of development of cooperation between Russia and the countries of South East Asia in the field of armaments. The author specially stresses the problems of international law basis building for this cooperation, which has been almost completed by now. The problems of possible widening of military and technical cooperation both geographically (including Bruney) and by diversification of the list of goods and services of military use.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.273-287Смирнова Анна Алексеевна
In her paper A.Smirnova analyses ODA as a mean of qualified contribution to foreign private capital expansion into Vietnamese economy. After 1992, more than 70% of ODA to Vietnam is committed by Western and Eastern donors. In contrast to ODA from socialist countries before 1993, new international donors of Vietnam (mainly Japan, France, Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, IBRD and ABD) emphasize the creation of most favourable conditions for private enterprises activities as well as the development of the local economy sectors which are of top priority for private companies, most of all the foreign ones. There is good reasons to believe that during some 10-13 years (especially in 2001-2005) evident preference was given to all kind of infrastructure development - industrial, transport, energy and social. The author inclined to believe that ODA flows played a positive role in Vietnam's socio-economic development in general. Undoubtedly, ODA flows played an exceptionally important role in foreign private capital advancement in Vietnam, increasing the competitiveness of both foreign companies and their local counterparts. But a number of 2005 events saw us the realization of ODA in Vietnam was severely complicated by some negative social phenomena, especially by corruption.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.288-316Соколов Анатолий Алексеевич
In Dr. Anatoly Sokolov's paper The American Vector in Vietnam's Foreign Policy the author-analyses the current Vietnam-American relations in different spheres: economic, political, cultural and others. Special attention is given to cooperation between the SRV and the US in the context of Vietnam-China relations.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.317-334Сучков Григорий Викторович
Grigory Suchkov in his paper entitled Indonesia's Armed Forces in the first year of S. B. Yudhoyono's Presidency states that one of the acute problems challenging the new President is the reform of the Armed Forces, which earlier had not been systematic. The process of disengagement of the Army from its autonomous character and leading political role in the society as well as its self-dependent business activity encounters serious difficulties. They result from conservative mode of thinking of the majority of the top officers and from scanty resources assigned in the budget on defense needs. It is also very important that during eight years after the fall of military-repressive regime, the civil institutions have failed to assume the proper position in the state, which gives an impetus to the image of the army as a pillar of Indonesian statehood.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.335-358Фомичева Елена Алексеевна
Dr. Elena Fomicheva in her paper makes an attempt to analyze the cause and the acting forces of the political crises in Thailand in 2005 - 2006. The author assesses these political events as a crisis of the whole political system of the country, stressing that the cause of it is the disturbing of the balance of political elites with the new political elite attempting to assume all political and economic power in the country. It is also stated that the underlying cause of current political turmoil is deep economic and political disparity between the poor and the rich, between the capital and the countryside.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2006, №9, с.359-369Цеханова Л.
In her paper L.Tsehanova analyses Theravada Buddhism is Myanmar's religion and about 89% of the population in Buddhist. There are also Christians (4%), Muslims (4%) and Hindus. Since December 2005 National Convention has been working out the new Constitution, which will secure freedom of religious worship. But as one could see in 2005 there were cases of disagreements between the authorities and the religious minorities. Religious persecution by the military regime poses a matter of grave concern among Christians and Muslims. Violation of religious freedom of non-Buddhists severs as a political instrument for the SPDC: the junta which strongly indentifies itself with Buddhism and has been preoccupied with building national unity has been trying to promote Buddhism over Christianity and Islam with the belief that once the religious minorities are converted to Buddhism they can be easily subjugated. Missionary activity poses a dual problem for the SPDC: the support given to the Buddhist monks secures power legitimating for the junta, but at the same time it pricks up religious minorities' ears.