ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.135-149Левтонова Юлия Олеговна
Dr. Yulia Levtonova researches the political situation in the Philippines in the period before next presidential elections 2010. The author considers the prospects of political situation President G. M. Arroyo regime. She analyses the phenomenon of this leader as a most unpopular President after 1986 who is holding a high ruling position for almost 8 years. The special attention is paid to the research not only Ms G. Arroyo personality and leadership but to the stabilizing and destabilizing process and trends which have influence the political development of the Philippines. Special attention is paid also the new stage of the Muslim - Christian conflict in the South of the Philippines and its challenge to security and stability the whole region of SEA. In spite of negative trends in philippine politics the author's conclusion is cautiously optimistic. There is still possibility of constitutional procedure of changing the presidential post in 2010.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.150-169Мазырин Владимир Моисеевич
Dr. Vladimir Mazyrin of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute for Far Eastern Studies in his paper analyses the first consequences for the economy of Vietnam of its joining the WTO. In 2007 substantial results in development of a market economy were achieved which manifested themselves in higher rates of growth, greater total public investments and bigger gold-currency reserve, wider foreign trade and inflow of foreign investments as well as lower level of poverty. Economic achievements strengthened political stability and ensured Vietnam's higher role in international relations. At the same time the paper emphasizes the new problems and challenges facing the country. The quality indicators lag behind the quantity ones and Vietnam's economic growth remains extensive. Such problems as inflation, deficit of foreign trade and of the state budget, inflating the bubble in real estate market, slower investment projects realization have intensified. Dr. Mazirin comes to the conclusion that Vietnam has fallen victim of too fast a growth, deeper integration into the global market and implementation of the WTO requirements. Due to cyclical development of the SRV economy in the orbit of capitalism and its greater dependence on a conjuncture of world market the author predicts significantly lower dynamics of its growth for the years to come.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.170-192Мурашева Галина Федоровна
Dr. Murasheva in her article «Vietnam's policy in ASEAN, (2007-2008)» showed the country's participation in the regional economic integration as the basic trend of Vietnam's regional policy. The article deals with three directions of Vietnamese regional policy: participation in the construction of ASEAN economic community by 2015, the drafting of ASEAN Charter and taking part in the concrete projects with the aim to narrow the gap in the socio-economic development of ASEAN countries. The Vietnamese leaders being the authors of the socio-cultural cooperation idea as the third component of ASEAN's «three pillar Community» pay great attention to this problem. The author argues that Vietnam in its ASEAN policy persues its national interests as well as follows the principle of garmonizing its own interests with those of other ASEAN countries and ASEAN as a whole.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.193-205Новикова Екатерина Валентиновна
Dr. Ekaterina Novikova's paper concentrates on modern social and cultural nature of Chinese diaspora stressing the importance of spiritual traditions of the Chinese in Malaysia and Singapore. It is obvious, as the author states, that in the Chinese traditional ideology there are certain elements connected with cultural and civilization core. The author analyses how Chinese traditional system of values is transforming in Malaysia and Singapore under the influence of today's poly-ethnic society. This paper is based on practical observation by the author of the dynamics of social and cultural changes among the overseas Chinese in Malaysia and Singapore for the last several years.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.206-215Черепнева Елена Алексеевна, Петровский Дмитрий Иванович
The paper by Dmitry Petrovsky (The Division of Foreign Relations of Moscow Patriarchate) and Dr. Elena Cherepneva (The Institute of oriental studies of the Russian Academy of sciences) informs that on May 17th 2007 the Act on canonic communication between the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian Orthodox Overseas Church was signed, which brought to light new questions. The authors stress that today Indonesia is the only South-East Asian country where Orthodox propagation is successfully developing and the making of national Orthodox Church is under way. As a result of a December 2007 visit and meetings of the Moscow Patriarchy clergy and Archbishop of Sidney and Australia and New-Zeeland Illarion it was decided to add to charter of the organization «Indonesian Orthodox Church», which is officially registered by Indonesian government, the notion that the said structure is under canonic authority of the Russian Orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchy. At the same time there are problems because there are three church structures functioning in Indonesia. The authors discuss the prospects for a united Orthodox Church of Indonesia.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.216-232Симония Аида Алексеевна
Dr. Aida Simoniya in her paper entitled «The Saffron uprising» in Myanmar: causes consequences» examines recent political events in Myanmar. Special attention in paid to root causes and participants of pro-democracy protests in September 2007 named as «saffron revolution». After the authorities violently suppressed mass demonstrations led by Buddhist monks the international community increased pressure on the junta to accelerate the realization of its plans for democratic changes. Soon the military administration announced that it will hold a general multiparty elections in 2010 and went ahead with a referendum on the new constitution in the scheduled date - on May 10th, 2008. This was done in spite of the humanitarian catastrophe caused by cyclone Nargis a week before. The author presumes that the military government being a target of sharp international criticism and economic sanctions decided to speed up carrying out stages of the «road map to democracy» to legitimize its power.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.233-254Соколов Анатолий Алексеевич
Dr. Anatoly Sokolov's paper is devoted to a practically new problem for the Russian Orientalistics - the literature of Vietnamese Diaspora. Today over 3 million Vietnamese live outside their historical motherland - in more than 90 countries. The author analyses different waves of Vietnamese emigration, revealing their historical and political characteristics. The main attention is paid to the Vietnamese Diaspora in the US as the most numerous and economically mighty one. This very country is the centre of the Vietnamese literature abroad. It is here that a lot of newspapers and magazines in Vietnamese are issued, radio and TV channels are functioning and many publishing houses are working. This paper considers in detail the chronology of Vietnamese literature in alien linguistic setting, with each stage of its development being analyzed, the literary work of some of more prominent writers being covered, literary directions and trends being outlined. The author arrives at a general conclusion that the only choice for the Vietnamese overseas literature is either to integrate into the readers community in their historical motherland (if the author writes in the Vietnamese) or - into the readers community in their new country (for those writing in English, French, German and other languages).
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.255-276Урляпов Вячеслав Федорович
Dr. Vyacheslav Urlyapov analyses trends and outcome of the political process in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste beyond independence. In the state much of the political energy of the first four years of independence was concentrated on putting basic democratic institutions in place. These institutions were of vital importance for the functioning of the national economy. But the period after April 2006 was characterized by extensive turmoil. The normal political process ceased to function and street violence took over as the main expression of divergent viewpoints. The trigger was discontent among parts of the armed forces and national police. It was also related to the successively deepening rift between the president, Xanana Gusmao, and the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri. Now Timor-Leste has entered a new political phase with contents largely unknown.
ТАИЛАНД: ВЫБОРЫ СОСТОЯЛИСЬ - КРИЗИС ПРОДОЛЖАЕТСЯ. ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВО СУРАЮТА ЧУЛАНОНА - ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВО САМАКА СУНТХАРАВЕТА 2007 - НАЧАЛО 2008 ГГ
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.277-296Фомичева Елена Алексеевна
Dr. Elena Fomicheva in her paper makes an attempt to survey and analyze the Thai political scene, covering such events as drafting the new Constitution, the country's first referendum on the draft charter, the December 2008 general parliamentary elections and forming of a new coalition government under Samak Sundaravej, the leader of the People Power Party. The author considers a number of issues facing the Thai society, including the state of democracy in the country, the political role of the military, the fate of the monarchy, wider public political participation, etc. The author comes to the general conclusion that longstanding political crisis in Thailand is still far from being finished and in fact it could get more intense.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.298-314Тюрин Владимир Александрович
Dr. Vladimir Tyurin in his paper «Emergency in the history of Malaysia» states that the 12-year-period in the history of Malaya - since 18 June 1948 till 31 June 1960- came into everyday language as The Emergency and later this term was accepted by research and media publications. In the narrow sense this word refers to the armed guerilla war, waged by the Communist Party of Malaya against the British colonizers. But, on the other hand, «The Emergency» influenced all aspects of life in Malaya (and to a great extent in Singapore) - economic, social, political, national, it was also connected with the system of international relations and the pace and ways of the country's gaining independence and choice of ideology. In this respect this term could hardly be attributed only to armed confrontation between the British army and the police on one side and communist guerillas, - on the other. The causes of «The Emergency» are still the subject of discussions. Partisan approach gave way to more balanced analyses.