ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.267-289Мазырин Владимир Моисеевич
Dr. V. Mazyrin presents overview of core trends and achievements of Vietnam's economic performance. In the first section he evaluates consequences of inward and outward flows onto development facilities. The specific influence of global outcome was quite contradictious while market reforms inside the country created more stimuli for national progress and equitable growth. The second section informs on economic growth indicators which demonstrate macroeconomic stability and dynamics of Vietnam. In particular, it displays data on increasing of income per capita, an inflow of foreign direct investment and official development assistance, foreign trade turnover and regional cooperation acceleration. These achievements demonstrate the right way of economic politics. In the third section the structural shifts are examined. Transition to a market economy eased progressive changes of balance ratio between main sectors of manufacture and services. The author argues the trend of domestic economy transformation from agrarian into industrial one. It is accompanied by continuing ownership reallocation in the main realms of economic activities which fosters the country's move to a new order. Particularities and other core shifts in each realm (industry, agriculture, services and trade) are shown in this section too. The next large part of the paper explores main directions of financial policy thus assessing current reforms in this field. The author analyzes budget and revenue execution, credit and monetary methods of regulation, currency and exchange rate fluctuation, external debt performance, investment flows origins, outcome and capital disbursement realities. High investment activities are regarded as due confirmation of Vietnam's fast growth and its capital intensive character. Dr. Mazyrin confirms overall positive results of the process of Vietnam's market transformation and integration to global economy. Catch-up development of this country became enough sustainable. All above mentioned facts make possible to recognize Vietnam as borne Asian dragon though not yet flying.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.290-303Мурашева Галина Федоровна
Dr. Galina Murasheva in her paper surveys the evolution of Vietnam's foreign policy doctrine since 1945 till today. The author stresses that this doctrine has been meeting the challenges of the time while developing and improving its main principles and strategies. In the 1940-ies -1980ies Vietnam was following the principle of «making more new friends and less enemies», under the new international conditions of the 1990-ies - early 21-st century it supplements its foreign policy principles and practice with a fresh wording «Vietnam is ready to be a reliable partner of the countries of the world community». In 2006 Vietnam positions itself as an equal actor in the world politics and as an active participant of regional and global integration. In the early 21-st century in Vietnam's official vocabulary and foreign policy practice a new concept emerged - «strategic partnership» - with the number of Vietnam's strategic partners growing. The author dwells on the results of Vietnam's foreign policy in 2006 which was very successful for the country both on the global and on regional levels.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.304-349Пахомова Людмила Федоровна
Dr. Luidmila Pakhomova asserts that the dramatic restructure of Malaysian economy from one a primary commodity to an industrialized country producing a broad range of goods and services, including innovation ones. For high-tech method of production development of human capital is crucial. It is an economic miracle spurred on by government policy witch combined strategic planning, creation institutions and market mechanism.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.350-374Попов Александр Вячеславович
Dr. Popov A. analyses the most difficult socio-economic problems of the capital of Indonesia, among them: a very high density of its population, the polution of the environment, awful traffic jams and every year increasing floods. The existance of Jakarta's slums cause such problems as spreading of narcotics, criminality and epidemics and also threatens the rail traffic and the safety of the trestles of motor-roads. Huge amounts of garbage altogether with industrial waste make Jakarta as one of the most poluted city of the world. Every year floods not only kill hundreds of the urban poor but also destroy local roads that creates additional problems for the traffic.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.375-392Симония Аида Алексеевна
Dr. Aida Simoniya examines new priorities of Myanmar's foreign policy since Myanmar has faced mounting diplomatic pressure from the international community after the renewed detention of Aung San Suu Kyi in May 2003. The author assessed how the regime has been able to take advantage of the economic, security and geostrategic interests of both China and India in the country to achieve developmental and security goals. As USA and other western countries have sought to place Myanmar under the scrutiny of the UN Security Council on the grounds that its domestic circumstances have regional security implications, the paper highlights how its relations with Beijing and Moscow have assumed ever greater significance.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.393-398Смирнова Анна Алексеевна
A.Smirnova is of opinion that by 2007 SEA countries have invested more than US$14,4 bln in Vietnam (1083 projects) outbidding by total value two other groupings (i. e. offshore zones and EC). In the top-fCive category SEA countries ranking third by number of projects approved and first by value of investment involved. Singapore leads the top-five category leaving Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and Hongkong behind. The investment cooperation between Vietnam and other SEA countries has becoming much more bilateral: over 52% of Vietnam outward investment (US$970 by 2007) have been directed to SEA countries too. The data presented in the report testifies that Vietnam takes an active part in forming ASEAN Investment Area.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.399-425Соколов Анатолий Алексеевич
Dr. Anatoly Sokolov in his paper «Vietnamese culture in a market society and in time of globalization» stresses the changing context of Vietnamese culture development and functioning with the state still continuing to control cultural product, both local and foreign. Cultural exchange and advent of foreign, mainly mass culture tends to expand, including international theatre and cinema festivals, foreign musicians' performances, translation of literary works and so on. English is more widely used as well as Internet as a means of communication, electronic mass media and «a new literary environment». Modern Vietnamese literature is characterized by multiple trends from formalistic experiments to the rise of mass literature. Indigenous literature as a whole evolves towards the tastes of mass consumer. Fewer production at the state film studios goes along with the rise of production at private film studios and with joint cinema production with foreigners including Vietnamese йmigrйs. TV retains its leading role as the main source of information and inspiration of cultural life. Commercialization of musical industry and fine arts (especially picture-galleries' business) demonstrates the trend to consumerism and entertainment in culture. Rapid expansion of tourism (international as well as domestic) which is growing to be one of the country's leading industry, demonstrates the scale of Vietnam's involvement in the process of globalization.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.426-437Сучков Григорий Викторович
The work by Grigory Suchkov analyses the problems and prospects of the process of the Indonesian armed forces reforming in 2006 -2007.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.438-451Урляпов Вячеслав Федорович
Dr. Vyacheslav Urlyapov in his article describes the main aspects of a domestic developments in Malaysia. The author writes that a decade after the Asian financial crisis, Malaysia's economy is at its best shape. The last few years have shown a significant strengthening of economic fundamentals with the government's move to improve competitiveness and to narrow budget deficit. Annual GDP growth hovered in the 6 per cent range in 2006. Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi launched the country's Third Industrial Master Plan. It targets a 6.3 per cent average economic growth in the next 15 years. Nevertheless, not all is quiet on the domestic front. Malaysia has come into a rough time with deteriorating race relations between its majority ethnic Malays and minority Chinese and Indians. Half a century into nationhood the idea of a Bangsa Malaysia - a blended Malaysian race that was to have climbed out of the melting pot - is still nowhere in sight. Abdullah Badawi admitted that the major races were drifting further apart because of racial and religious divisions and built-in discrimination. Besides, a sharp row has emerged between Prime Minister and Mahathir Mohamad, the former country's leader. Malaysia's public has been dismayed by the spectacle of a elder statesman turned chief opposition leader.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2007, №1, с.452-471Фомичева Елена Алексеевна
Dr. Elena Fomicheva researches the political situation in Thailand after the military coup d'etat of 19th September 2006. She describes the military coup as a means to end the political deadlock and considers the political prospects for parliamentary elections, including the controversies in working out of the new constitution, the possible political future of deposed prime-minister Taksin, new parties being set up. Special attention is paid to the problem of the military participation in political system of the country. The author also dwells on the role of the Thai monarchy. She finally comes to the conclusion that the political crisis in Thailand is far from being resolved.