ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.79-93Васильев Владимир Федорович
Dr. V.F. Vasiliev concentrated on analysis of a chain of events in Myanmar, starting from the «shaffran revolution» in September 2007 and leading the military junta to prompt activisation of its long-delayed constitutional process with publication of draft constitution and holding a referendum on it in May, which overwhelmingly approved it in the tragic days after the deadly Cyclone Nargis struck southern Myanmar. The author describes the controversial political atmosphere after the referendum with the authorities triumphant, the opposition groups opposing the constitution and confused and the appearance of a «third force» accepting the constitution as a lesser evil compared to an open military dictatorship. In the author's view, it is worth-while not to reject the «constitutional chance» and use it. It is better with a constitutional than without it, whatever are the wrongs and rights of the military-made constitution. The situation in Myanmar now needs compromise more than ever, otherwise it is an endless deadlock.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.94-118Другов Алексей Юрьевич
Dr. Alexei Drugov in his paper entitled «Indonesia in 2007» emphasized that political developments in the country were mainly influenced by fighting inside the political elite on the very far approaches to the parliamentary and presidential elections of 2009. Not sufficient communication between the Head of the State and the Vice-President is stressed. Generally favorable trends in the economy of Indonesia were accompanied by financial problems resulted from high world oil prices and the consequent growth of subsidies for domestic energy prices. Some drawbacks of Indonesian economy -as stated - manifested themselves on the macro level. In the foreign policy of Indonesia certain estrangement from the US actions in Iraq and Afghanistan could be detected. The visit of the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin to Indonesia with several agreements including those on military and technical cooperation being signed in the cause of it is of great importance for further Indonesian-Russian ties. Alarming developments in relations between Indonesia and Singapore as well as Malaysia are under way. They are partially connected with Indonesian-Singapore agreements on defense cooperation and extradition of criminals and with the plight of Indonesian workers in Malaysia. The inner latent causes of the conflicts still are territorial problems.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.119-134Ефимова Лариса Михайловна
L.M. Efimova in her article «Modern Islam in Malaysia» is analyzing the concept of Islam Hadhari introduced by the present prime minister Of Malaysia Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Islam Hadhari is not a new religion of teaching. It is an approach to foster an Islamic civilization built upon the values and ideals of Islam. It places substance over form. It is practical and pragmatic. It emphasizes development that is consistent with the tenets of Islam, but at the same tine with healthy democratic practices and modern education. It is aimed at equitable sharing of the benefits of economic growth by all citizenry of the country irrespective of ethnicity or religion.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.135-149Левтонова Юлия Олеговна
Dr. Yulia Levtonova researches the political situation in the Philippines in the period before next presidential elections 2010. The author considers the prospects of political situation President G. M. Arroyo regime. She analyses the phenomenon of this leader as a most unpopular President after 1986 who is holding a high ruling position for almost 8 years. The special attention is paid to the research not only Ms G. Arroyo personality and leadership but to the stabilizing and destabilizing process and trends which have influence the political development of the Philippines. Special attention is paid also the new stage of the Muslim - Christian conflict in the South of the Philippines and its challenge to security and stability the whole region of SEA. In spite of negative trends in philippine politics the author's conclusion is cautiously optimistic. There is still possibility of constitutional procedure of changing the presidential post in 2010.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.150-169Мазырин Владимир Моисеевич
Dr. Vladimir Mazyrin of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute for Far Eastern Studies in his paper analyses the first consequences for the economy of Vietnam of its joining the WTO. In 2007 substantial results in development of a market economy were achieved which manifested themselves in higher rates of growth, greater total public investments and bigger gold-currency reserve, wider foreign trade and inflow of foreign investments as well as lower level of poverty. Economic achievements strengthened political stability and ensured Vietnam's higher role in international relations. At the same time the paper emphasizes the new problems and challenges facing the country. The quality indicators lag behind the quantity ones and Vietnam's economic growth remains extensive. Such problems as inflation, deficit of foreign trade and of the state budget, inflating the bubble in real estate market, slower investment projects realization have intensified. Dr. Mazirin comes to the conclusion that Vietnam has fallen victim of too fast a growth, deeper integration into the global market and implementation of the WTO requirements. Due to cyclical development of the SRV economy in the orbit of capitalism and its greater dependence on a conjuncture of world market the author predicts significantly lower dynamics of its growth for the years to come.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.170-192Мурашева Галина Федоровна
Dr. Murasheva in her article «Vietnam's policy in ASEAN, (2007-2008)» showed the country's participation in the regional economic integration as the basic trend of Vietnam's regional policy. The article deals with three directions of Vietnamese regional policy: participation in the construction of ASEAN economic community by 2015, the drafting of ASEAN Charter and taking part in the concrete projects with the aim to narrow the gap in the socio-economic development of ASEAN countries. The Vietnamese leaders being the authors of the socio-cultural cooperation idea as the third component of ASEAN's «three pillar Community» pay great attention to this problem. The author argues that Vietnam in its ASEAN policy persues its national interests as well as follows the principle of garmonizing its own interests with those of other ASEAN countries and ASEAN as a whole.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.193-205Новикова Екатерина Валентиновна
Dr. Ekaterina Novikova's paper concentrates on modern social and cultural nature of Chinese diaspora stressing the importance of spiritual traditions of the Chinese in Malaysia and Singapore. It is obvious, as the author states, that in the Chinese traditional ideology there are certain elements connected with cultural and civilization core. The author analyses how Chinese traditional system of values is transforming in Malaysia and Singapore under the influence of today's poly-ethnic society. This paper is based on practical observation by the author of the dynamics of social and cultural changes among the overseas Chinese in Malaysia and Singapore for the last several years.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.206-215Черепнева Елена Алексеевна, Петровский Дмитрий Иванович
The paper by Dmitry Petrovsky (The Division of Foreign Relations of Moscow Patriarchate) and Dr. Elena Cherepneva (The Institute of oriental studies of the Russian Academy of sciences) informs that on May 17th 2007 the Act on canonic communication between the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian Orthodox Overseas Church was signed, which brought to light new questions. The authors stress that today Indonesia is the only South-East Asian country where Orthodox propagation is successfully developing and the making of national Orthodox Church is under way. As a result of a December 2007 visit and meetings of the Moscow Patriarchy clergy and Archbishop of Sidney and Australia and New-Zeeland Illarion it was decided to add to charter of the organization «Indonesian Orthodox Church», which is officially registered by Indonesian government, the notion that the said structure is under canonic authority of the Russian Orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchy. At the same time there are problems because there are three church structures functioning in Indonesia. The authors discuss the prospects for a united Orthodox Church of Indonesia.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.216-232Симония Аида Алексеевна
Dr. Aida Simoniya in her paper entitled «The Saffron uprising» in Myanmar: causes consequences» examines recent political events in Myanmar. Special attention in paid to root causes and participants of pro-democracy protests in September 2007 named as «saffron revolution». After the authorities violently suppressed mass demonstrations led by Buddhist monks the international community increased pressure on the junta to accelerate the realization of its plans for democratic changes. Soon the military administration announced that it will hold a general multiparty elections in 2010 and went ahead with a referendum on the new constitution in the scheduled date - on May 10th, 2008. This was done in spite of the humanitarian catastrophe caused by cyclone Nargis a week before. The author presumes that the military government being a target of sharp international criticism and economic sanctions decided to speed up carrying out stages of the «road map to democracy» to legitimize its power.
ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ: АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ '2008, №1, с.233-254Соколов Анатолий Алексеевич
Dr. Anatoly Sokolov's paper is devoted to a practically new problem for the Russian Orientalistics - the literature of Vietnamese Diaspora. Today over 3 million Vietnamese live outside their historical motherland - in more than 90 countries. The author analyses different waves of Vietnamese emigration, revealing their historical and political characteristics. The main attention is paid to the Vietnamese Diaspora in the US as the most numerous and economically mighty one. This very country is the centre of the Vietnamese literature abroad. It is here that a lot of newspapers and magazines in Vietnamese are issued, radio and TV channels are functioning and many publishing houses are working. This paper considers in detail the chronology of Vietnamese literature in alien linguistic setting, with each stage of its development being analyzed, the literary work of some of more prominent writers being covered, literary directions and trends being outlined. The author arrives at a general conclusion that the only choice for the Vietnamese overseas literature is either to integrate into the readers community in their historical motherland (if the author writes in the Vietnamese) or - into the readers community in their new country (for those writing in English, French, German and other languages).